Men have a small amount of breast tissue where breast cancer can develop. In 2017, two thousand four hundred seventy (2,470) new cases of invasive breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed and four hundred sixty (460) deaths are expected to occur among men in the United States.
American Cancer Society Cancer Statistic Center
Breast cancer in men is staged the same as it is in women. The spread of cancer from the breast to lymph nodes and other parts of the body appears to be similar in men and women.
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National Cancer Institute
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Different types of treatment are available for men with breast cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials.
National Cancer Institute
A risk factor is something that increases risk; especially:something that makes a person more likely to get a particular disease or condition (Merriam Webster).
Your risk of male breast cancer increases as you age. The peak incidence of male breast cancer occurs between the ages of 68 and 71.
Exposure to estrogen
If you take estrogen-related drugs, such as those used as part of a sex-change procedure or for hormone therapy for prostate cancer, your risk of breast cancer is increased.
Family history of breast cancer
If you have a close family member with breast cancer, you have a greater chance of developing the disease.
This genetic syndrome occurs when a boy is born with more than one copy of the X chromosome. Klinefelter's syndrome causes abnormal development of the testicles. As a result, men with this syndrome produce lower levels of certain male hormones (androgens) and more female hormones (estrogens).
Certain conditions, such as cirrhosis of the liver, can reduce male hormones and increase female hormones, increasing your risk of breast cancer.
Fat cells convert androgens into estrogen. A higher number of fat cells in your body may result in increased estrogen and higher risk of breast cancer.
If you've received radiation treatments to your chest, such as those used to treat cancers in the chest, you're more likely to develop breast cancer later in life.
Testicle disease or surgery
Having inflamed testicles (orchitis) or surgery to remove a testicle (orchiectomy) can increase your risk of male breast cancer.
Male Breast Cancer Is Rare, But Lack Of Awareness Is Hurting Men .... Male Breast Cancer: Know Your Risks .... With all the attention paid to breast cancer prevention and treatment, women are acutely aware of their risk and most know at least someone who has had the disease. Many men may think this...http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/10/13
Breast cancer in men is rare, but it does happen. Many people do not realize that men have breast tissue and that they can develop breast cancer. A man’s lifetime risk of breast cancer is about 1 in 1,000.
Survival for men with breast cancer is similar to that for women with breast cancer when their stage at diagnosis is the same. Breast cancer in men, however, is often diagnosed at a later stage. Cancer found at a later stage may be less likely to be cured (National Cancer Institute).
Survival rates for men with breast cancer, overall, are lower than those for women. Research shows males diagnosed and treated for breast cancer experience deficits in physical and mental health that can have compounding effects. We provide support services and therapies that are critical to long-term care and treatment to saves lives and increase survival outcomes.
Talking often with the doctor is important to make informed decisions about your health care.
Cancer.net provides some questions that can be a starting point to help you learn more about your cancer care and treatment.
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